An object has a mass of #6 kg#. The object's kinetic energy uniformly changes from #84 KJ# to # 12 KJ# over #t in [0, 6 s]#. What is the average speed of the object?

1 Answer
Feb 27, 2017

Answer:

#115.3ms^-1#

Explanation:

#E_k = 1/2mv^2#

This is the equation for kinetic energy. It can be rearranged to give #v# as the subject:

#v = sqrt((2E_k)/m)#

We know the mass #m=6# and the energy at the beginning is #E_k = 84kJ = 84000J#, so

#v = sqrt((2*84000)/6) = sqrt(28000) = 167.332ms^-1#

We know that the energy at the end is #12kJ = 12000J#, so

#v = sqrt((2*12000)/6) = sqrt(4000) = 63.25ms^-1#

Now we have the initial and the final velocities.

Work out the average (of anything) by adding them all together and dividing by the total number of things. In this case, we only have two velocities, so:

#bar v = (167.332 + 63.25)/2#

#= 115.291ms^-1#