An object has a mass of #6 kg#. The object's kinetic energy uniformly changes from #54 KJ# to # 225 KJ# over #t in [0, 8 s]#. What is the average speed of the object?

1 Answer
Dec 27, 2017

Answer:

The average speed is #=212.0ms^-1#

Explanation:

The kinetic energy is

#KE=1/2mv^2#

The mass is #m=6kg#

The initial velocity is #=u_1ms^-1#

The final velocity is #=u_2 ms^-1#

The initial kinetic energy is #1/2m u_1^2=54000J#

The final kinetic energy is #1/2m u_2^2=225000J#

Therefore,

#u_1^2=2/6*54000=18000m^2s^-2#

and,

#u_2^2=2/6*225000=75000m^2s^-2#

The graph of #v^2=f(t)# is a straight line

The points are #(0,18000)# and #(8,75000)#

The equation of the line is

#v^2-18000=(75000-18000)/8t#

#v^2=7125t+18000#

So,

#v=sqrt(7125t+18000)#

We need to calculate the average value of #v# over #t in [0,8]#

#(8-0)bar v=int_0^12(sqrt(7125t+18000))dt#

#8 barv= (7125t+18000)^(3/2)/(3/2*7125)| _( 0) ^ (8) #

#=((7125*8+18000)^(3/2)/(10687.5))-((7125*0+18000)^(3/2)/(10687.5))#

#=75000^(3/2)/10687.5-18000^(3/2)/10687.5#

#=1695.9#

So,

#barv=1695.9/8=212.0ms^-1#

The average speed is #=212.0ms^-1#