By doubling each dimension, the area of a parallelogram increased from 36 square centimeters to 144 square centimeters. How do you find the percent increase in area?

1 Answer
Jul 17, 2017

Answer:

Once you start to recognise the connections between numbers you will be able to do these much quicker than I have shown.

Explanation:

#color(blue)("Using shortcuts")#

#(144-36)/36xx100= 300%#

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#color(blue)("Using first principles with full explanation")#

We are only interested in the change in area. As both these values are given then anything else is a 'red herring'.

Assuming the increase is to be measured against the original area

#("change in area")/("original area")->(144-36)/36# as a fraction, giving:

#108/36#increase as a fraction

Notice that for 108 that #1+0+8=9# which is divisible by 3 so 108 is also divisible by 3

Notice that for 36 that #3+6=9# which is also divisible by 3

So to simplify we have:

#(108-:3)/(36-:3) = 36/12#

#(36-:3)/(12-:3)=(12-:4)/(4-:4)=3/1=3#
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Let the unknown value be #x#

Then we are looking to end up with #x/100#. So by ratio

#3/1-=x/100#

To change 1 into 100 multiply by 100. What you do to the top you do to the bottom.

#(3xx100)/(1xx100) = 300/100=x/100#

So we have the percentage #300/100# which may be written as #300%#