How can I do redox titration calculations?

1 Answer
Apr 18, 2015

You do them the same way as you do acid-base titration calculations.

The only difference is how you balance the equation for the reaction.


A student dissolved 0.3101 g of #"Na"_2"C"_2"O"_4# in 30 mL of water and 15 mL of 3 mol/L #"H"_2"SO"_4#. She titrated this solution with a #"KMnO"_4# solution. What was the molarity of the #"KMnO"_4# if it took 24.90 mL of titrant to reach a permanent pale pink equivalence point?


First, you would write the balanced equation for the reaction.

The skeleton ionic equation is

#"MnO"_4^(-) + "C"_2"O"_4^(2-) → "Mn"^(2+) + "CO"_2#

Then you would probably balance this by the ion electron method to get the balanced net ionic equation

#"2MnO"_4^(-) + "5C"_2"O"_4^(2-) + "16H"^+ → "2Mn"^(2+) + "10CO"_2 + "8H"_2"O"#

and perhaps put the spectator ions back in to get the molecular equation

#"2KMnO"_4 + "5Na"_2"C"_2"O"_4 + "8H"_2"SO"_4→ "2MnSO"_4 + "10CO"_2 +"K"_2"SO"_4 + "5Na"_2"SO"_4 + "8H"_2"O" #

From here on, the calculation is the same as for an acid-base titration.

Step 1. Calculate the moles of titrant.

#"Moles of KMnO"_4 = 0.3101 cancel("g Na₂C₂O₄") × (1 cancel("mol Na₂C₂O₄"))/(134.00 cancel("g Na₂C₂O₄")) × ("2 mol KMnO"_4)/(5 cancel("mol Na₂C₂O₄")) = 9.2567 × 10^-4"mol KMnO"_4#

Step 2. Calculate the molarity of the titrant.

#"Molarity" = (9.2567 × 10^-4"mol")/"0.024 90 L" = "0.037 17 mol/L"#