How can I write nuclear equations for alpha decay?
The most important thing to know is that an α-particle (alpha particle) is a helium nucleus.
It contains 2 protons and 2 neutrons, for a mass number of 4.
During α-decay, an atomic nucleus emits an alpha particle. It transforms (or decays) into an atom with an atomic number 2 less and a mass number 4 less.
Thus, radium-226 decays through α-particle emission to form radon-222 according to the equation:
Note that the sum of the subscripts (atomic numbers or charges) is the same on each side of the equation. Also, the sum of the superscripts (masses) is the same on each side of the equation.
Write a balanced nuclear equation for the α decay of polonium-208.
The unbalanced equation is
The superscript of
The subscript of
Element 82 is Pb. So the equation is
Here is a video that describes how to write equations for alpha decay.
Hope this helps!