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# How do I find the value of Cos 45?

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#### Explanation

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#### Explanation:

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7
Sep 13, 2015

Consider the idea that a triangle will always have an angle sum of ${180}^{o}$.

You may have seen that trigonometric functions are used directly on a triangles only when you have a right triangle. As in, when you "take the cosine" of an angle and do nothing else, the angle must be in a right triangle.

When you have that, you have:

${180}^{o} - {90}^{o} - {45}^{o} = {45}^{o}$

Which means your three angles are ${45}^{o}$, ${45}^{o}$, and ${90}^{o}$.

Let's say that you have a hypotenuse length of $1$. Due to the two non-right angles being identical, the two legs are also identical in length.

You can convince yourself that if you draw a line from the bottom left corner of this triangle to the middle of the hypotenuse, you have drawn a line of symmetry and that these two legs are indeed identical. If you can't, it isn't a 45-45-90 right triangle.

You can use a slightly-modified Pythagorean Theorem to determine the length of either of those legs:

${a}^{2} + {b}^{2} = {c}^{2}$

$a = b$

$\implies {a}^{2} + {a}^{2} = {c}^{2}$

$2 {a}^{2} = {1}^{2} = 1$

${a}^{2} = \frac{1}{2}$

$a = \sqrt{\frac{1}{2}} = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}$

Since it is conventional to not have a square root on the denominator of an answer:

$\textcolor{b l u e}{a} = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}} \cdot \frac{\sqrt{2}}{\sqrt{2}} = \textcolor{b l u e}{\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}}$

Therefore, those two legs are each $\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}$ units long. Now, since $\cos$ is "adjacent over hypotenuse", if you take the $\cos$ of either of those ${45}^{o}$ angles, you get:

$\textcolor{b l u e}{\cos {45}^{o}} = \frac{\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}}{1} = \textcolor{b l u e}{\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}}$

Then teach the underlying concepts
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#### Explanation

Explain in detail...

#### Explanation:

I want someone to double check my answer

2
Sep 12, 2015

It is $\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}$

#### Explanation:

Well cos2x=2cos^2x-1=>cos^2x=1/2*(1+cos2x)=> cosx=sqrt2/2sqrt(1+cos2x)

Hence $\cos 2 \cdot 45 = \cos 90 = 0$ we have that

$\cos 45 = \frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}$

Then teach the underlying concepts
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#### Explanation

Explain in detail...

#### Explanation:

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Sep 12, 2015

$\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}$

#### Explanation:

Consider any right triangle with both its legs of same length. In this case both the other two angles would be 45 degrees each. Now, if both its legs are considered of unit length, then hypotenuse would be of length $\sqrt{2}$.

The $\cos 45 = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}} = \frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}$

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