How do transition metals form ions?

1 Answer
Jan 25, 2016

Answer:

How? By oxidation, which is formal loss of electrons.

Explanation:

Bulk metals are electron-rich species; their valence electrons are not localized to a particular centre, and these electrons are largely responsible for metallic properties: malleability; ductility; conduction of heat and electricity.

Since they are electron-rich species, metals are good reducing agents, electron donors. Given this the formation of positive metal ions, i.e. #M^(2+)# and #M^(3+)# is reasonable.