How do you find out how many ways the integers 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8 can be placed in a circle if: at least three odd numbers are together?
Let's first look at the number of ways we can place three odd numbers together. That's a permutation question:
The rest of the numbers (5) can be placed in any order:
The one other thing we need to remember is that this is a "sitting in a circle" problem - and so unlike sitting in a row (where there is definitely a chair 1 with person A in it, chair 2 with person B, etc), we have to eliminate the duplicate arrangements from simply rotating the table chairs. Since there are 8 people, there are therefore 8 ways to do each arrangement of chairs, and so we divide by 8.
In total then, we have: