How do you graph #x^2 + (y + 2)^2 = 9#?

1 Answer
Jul 8, 2015

Answer:

You convert the equation to standard form, determine the centre, vertices, and endpoints. Then you plot the graph.

Explanation:

#x^2 + (y+2)^2 = 9#

This is almost the standard form for the equation of a circle.

Let's modify it to read

#(x-0)^2 + (y+2)^2 = 9#

Now we see that it is a circle with centre at (#0,-2#) and radius #sqrt9 = 3#.

This means that, to find the vertices, you go 3 units up from the centre and 3 units down.

Thus, the vertices are at (#0,1#) and (#0,-5#).

To find the endpoints, you go 3 units left of the centre and 3 to the right.

Thus, the endpoints are at (#-3,-2#) and (#3,-2#).

Plot these points on a graph.

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Now draw a smooth circle through these four points.

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And you have your graph.