How do you write an equation for a circle with center (-8, -5) and tangent (touching at 1 point) to the y-axis?

1 Answer
Nov 25, 2016

Answer:

Please see the explanation.

Explanation:

The standard form of the equation of a circle is:

#(x - h)^2 + (y - k)^2 = r^2#

where #(x,y)# is any point on the circle, #(h,k)# is the center and r is the radius.

Substitute the given center into the equation:

#(x - -8)^2 + (y - -5)^2 = r^2#

Because the radius drawn to the point of tangency is always perpendicular, the point of tangency with the y axis must be #(0, -5)#

Substitute this point into the circle:

#(x - -8)^2 + (-5 - -5)^2 = r^2#

#r = 8#

The equation for the circle is:

#(x - -8)^2 + (y - -5)^2 = 8^2#