How does deforestation contribute to the greenhouse effect?
Photosynthesis and respiration are coupling reactions. While, during photosynthesis, oxygen is provided after the reaction, during respiration, consumers use oxygen and produce carbondioxide.
One of the greatest sources of oxygen is forests all around the World. However, we have been loosing trees by global climate change, deforestation, water resources diversion projects, construction projects, etc. Deforestation causes a huge loss in forest areas. To make furniture, to get fuel, to gaşn agricultural land, etc., deforestation has been occurring all around the globe.
For this reason, the balance between oxygen production and oxygen consumption is not the same compared to 50 or 100 years ago. By industrial processes, traffic, etc., we have been burning oxygen rapidly; whereas, green plants have been experiencing problems to produce oxygen due to the fact that their numbers and their qualities have been decreasing in real life.
Therefore, deforestation is a principal cause that cause global climate change and greenhouse effect.
Below is an example of clearcut in Kızılkeçili Village in Çanakkale (Turkey) I took these photos. anakkale Turkey.
Forest and plants remove Carbon dioxide from the atmosphere removal of the plants that use carbon dioxide for photosynthesis will cause an increase in Carbon Dioxide in the atmosphere.
Photosynthesis removes Carbon Dioxide from the atmosphere.
The more Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere the more photosynthesis can occur.
However the loss of photosynthetic plants will cause a temporary increase in the level of Carbon dioxide. The Carbon Dioxide in the atmosphere helps to trap heat in the atmosphere. So deforestation will cause an increase in the heat trapped in the atmosphere