# How does formal charge affect the stability of an atom?

Jun 23, 2017

Atoms become formally charged on the basis of their relative stability...

#### Explanation:

Non-metals, from the right hand side of the Periodic Table, have HIGH nuclear charge and tend to be oxidizing, i.e. they accept electrons to form anions.........

$\frac{1}{2} {F}_{2} + {e}^{-} \rightarrow {F}^{-}$

$\frac{1}{2} {O}_{2} + 2 {e}^{-} \rightarrow {O}^{2 -}$

On the other hand metals are electron rich materials and tend to be reducing......

$M \rightarrow {M}^{2 +} + 2 {e}^{-}$............

Of course, their actual chemistry usually involves the formation of a STABLE salt, a neutral combination of positive and negative ions......