How does formal charge affect the stability of an atom?

1 Answer
Jun 23, 2017

Answer:

Atoms become formally charged on the basis of their relative stability...

Explanation:

Non-metals, from the right hand side of the Periodic Table, have HIGH nuclear charge and tend to be oxidizing, i.e. they accept electrons to form anions.........

#1/2F_2+e^(-) rarrF^(-)#

#1/2O_2+2e^(-) rarrO^(2-)#

On the other hand metals are electron rich materials and tend to be reducing......

#MrarrM^(2+) + 2e^(-)#............

Of course, their actual chemistry usually involves the formation of a STABLE salt, a neutral combination of positive and negative ions......