How does the location of hydrogen on the periodic table differ from other nonmetals?

1 Answer
Oct 7, 2016

It's special, because it has only one electron, while the ideal "noble gas" configuration (helium) would call for two.


So in one way it could 'try' to gain an electron as any element from halogen group (F-Cl-Br...) would do.
On the other hand it could lose its one electron, in which case it would belong to the alkali metals (Li-Na-K...).

In practice, #H# mostly shares its electron, either by covalent bonds, or by donating an electron and working together with #H_2O# to form the #H_3O^+# or 'acid' ion.

In short, #H# is too special to to put it in a specific Group.