How is an ion formed?
And formally, we introduce electrons as virtual particles that are added in a
And as with any chemical reaction, both charge and mass are conserved.... Typically, metals are ELECTRON-RICH materials, which are
And non-metals, typically with high nuclear charge, from the RIGHT of the Periodic Table as we face it, are ELECTRON-POOR materials...that formally tend to accept electrons....and so they are
The electrons, as written, are particles of convenience. We add the oxidation, and reduction processes together such that the electrons are ELIMINATED...viz. for the oxidation of lithium metal...
We add TWO of the former and ONE of the latter to get...
to give finally....
...and the metal has been oxidized, and the non-metal has been reduced.