# How is heat transferred through empty space?

Mar 15, 2018

#### Answer:

I would say through Radiation.

#### Explanation:

Heat is basically Energy in motion.
Energy can "move" in various ways:
- Conduction
- Convection
- Radiation

Radiation relies on propagation of Electromagnetic Radiation; basically waves, such as light, x-rays, u-v or infrared, are electromagnetic waves that transport energy.
These waves can travel through vacuum because they do not need a material medium (as in sound waves) to propagate but are a perturbation of the electromagnetic field.
Each wave will carry energy in the form of...packets called Photons (kind of a rain of "droplets" of light!!!).

Each photon carries an energy:

$E = h f$

where:
$f =$ frequency of the wave;
$h =$ is Planck's Constant.

So you see that the higher the frequency the higher is the energy.