How many p-orbitals are occupied in a N atom?

1 Answer

Answer:

A nitrogen has 3 p orbitals occupied by a single electron each.

Explanation:

  • A nitrogen has 3 p orbitals occupied by a single electron each.

  • The electron configuration for nitrogen is #1s^2 2s^2 2p^3#

  • This gives us a total of 7 electrons, the atomic number of nitrogen. Neutral atoms have the same number of protons (atomic number) as electrons.

According to the Aufbau principle, s orbitals are filled before p orbitals.

  • Quantum mechanics stipulates that for each energy level, the p sub shell contains 3 orbitals, px, py, and pz. These orbitals are oriented in alignment with x, y, and axis.

Finally, #Hund's# rule states that each orbital for a given sub shell must be occupied with one electron before pairing these electrons.

  • One electron must occupy the px and the py and pz orbitals before a second electron occupies the px orbital.

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