In 100 g of water at 0°C, table sugar has a solubility of 180 g. What will happen if you add 108 g of table sugar to 50 g of water at 0°C?
Presumably you will form a saturated sugar solution.
A saturated solution is a solution whose concentration is equal to the concentration it would have in the presence of undissolved solute. This is an equilibrium condition, and normally a temperature is specified because generally a hot solution can dissolve more solute than a cold one.
In your problem, presumably you form such a saturated solution. Please note that a saturated solution does NOT mean the solution can hold all the solute that it can, because supersaturated solutions are possible, in which the solvent dissolves non-equilibrium quantities of solute.