Silver has two naturally occurring isotopes. Ag- 107 with a mass of 106.905 amu and a natural abundance of 51.84 % and Ag-109. How do you use the atomic mass of silver listed in the periodic table to determine the mass of Ag-109?

1 Answer
Sep 12, 2016

Using my (not very precise) periodic table, I get the mass of Ag as 107.87.

This must be a combination of these two isotopes. So the % of the other isotope must be 48.16%.
To work with these percentages in an equation I'll use them as decimals.

So now I can start putting them into an equation:
#107.87 = (106.905 * 0.5184) + (x * 0.4816)#
Because both of the isotope masses, multiplied by their percentage, would give us the overall average mass.
#107.87 = 55.419552 * (x * 0.4816)#
Worked out the brackets that we can work out, and then rearrange to give:
#107.87 - 55.419552 = (x * 0.4816)#
Again rearrange:
#52.450448 = (x * 0.4816)#
And final rearranging:
#x = 52.450448 / 0.4816#
#x = 108.909# (using same sig figs as given in question)

You probably want to work through that again using your periodic table value for Ag.