The force applied against an object moving horizontally on a linear path is described by #F(x)= sinpix +2 #. By how much does the object's kinetic energy change as the object moves from # x in [ 2, 5 ]#?

1 Answer
Jun 30, 2016

Answer:

# = 2/pi+ 6#

Explanation:

the change in KE will equal the work done assuming as seems OK to do here, that all work is converted into the object's motion, ie there are no losses to friction etc,

on that basis we can say that Work = Force X Distance

and also that Work = #Delta KE#

or in maths form, bearing in mind we are working in only 1 dimension, that:

#Delta KE = W = int_{x1}^{x2} dx qquad F(x)#

so here we have

#Delta KE = int_{2}^{5} dx qquad sin pi x + 2#

# = [- 1/pi cos pi x + 2x]_{2}^{5}#

# = [- 1/pi cos 5 pi + 10] - [- 1/pi cos 2 pi + 4]#

# = [- 1/pi (-1) + 10] - [- 1/pi + 4]#

# = 2/pi+ 6#