The half-life of calcium-47 about 5 days. Starting with 64 g of this isotope, what would be the amount remaining after 20 days?

1 Answer

Answer:

The answer is 4 g.

Explanation:

Divide 64 by 2 four times, because there are four half-lives in 20 days.

Every half-life, the calcium-47 will lose half of the amount remaining.

#"20 days"/"5 days/half-life" = "4 half-lives"#.

#"64 g"/2 = "32 g"# after 1 half-life

#"32 g"/2 = "16 g"# after 2 half-lives

#"16 g"/2 = "8 g"# after 3 half-lives

#"8 g"/2 = "4 g"# after 4 half-lives.