# What are Vertical Shifts of Quadratic Functions?

Vertical shifts are indicated by a constant added to the base function ${x}^{2}$, this changes the y-coordinate of the vertex.
$f \left(x\right) = {x}^{2} + 2$ moves the function (vertex) up 2 units
$f \left(x\right) = {x}^{2} - 3$ moves the function (vertex) down 3 units