What do oxidation reduction reactions involve?

1 Answer

Oxidation reduction reactions (redox) involve elements whose oxidation state (charge) changes during a reaction.

Here is an example of a redox reaction:
Mg(s) + #FeCl_3#(aq) -> #MgCl_2#(aq) + Fe(s)

Mg has no charge before the reaction, after it has a charge of +2 - meaning it was oxidized.

Iron goes from a +3 charge before the reaction to a an oxidation state of 0 after the reaction - meaning it was reduced (reduced charge due to addition of electrons).

If no elements in a reaction change oxidation state (for example: double replacement reaction) the reaction is not a redox reaction.

Here is another example of a redox reaction with video of a demonstration of the reaction...

Hope this helps.

Noel P.