# What does alkyl mean?

Jun 6, 2018

Removal of a hydrogen atom from the alkane molecule gives alkyl molecule.

#### Explanation:

Normally one of the functional group of the alkanes.

The general formula for an alkyl molecule(acyclic):-

${C}_{n} {H}_{2 n + 1}$
where n= no.of carbon molecules.

$C {H}_{4}$ is methane.

On removing one hydrogen molecule we get,

$C {H}_{3}$ which is an alkyl or methyl.(smallest alkyl group)

Jun 6, 2018

A functional group based on alkanes.

#### Explanation:

An alkane minus a hydrogen atom which is attached to another molecule and thereby becomes a functional group is an "alkyl group".

So for example, if the alkane is ethane $C {H}_{3} - C {H}_{3}$ the functional group is "ethyl" $- C {H}_{2} - C {H}_{3}$.