What English helping verb is always used to translate the pluperfect tense?
The auxiliary verb had is often used to translate the pluperfect tense.
The pluperfect tense is used to describe an event that happened in the past, prior to another past event that is being discussed; as such, it follows that the action assuming the pluperfect tense is a completed action.
In English the pluperfect is expressed by using "had" as an auxiliary verb. For example:
- "Lawrence bought an apple from the grocer." (perfect)
- "Lawrence had bought an apple from the grocer, but he soon ate it." (pluperfect with reference to perfect verb)