# What functional groups are present in acetaminophen?

Aug 16, 2014

The functional groups in acetaminophen are hydroxyl, aromatic ring, and amide.

#### Explanation:

A functional group is a specific group of atoms within a molecule that gives rise to the characteristic chemical reactions of the molecule.

The structure of acetaminophen is

The group at the top of the molecule is a hydroxyl group. It is tempting to call it an alcohol group.

But an $\text{–OH}$ group attached to a benzene ring has special properties. It is more commonly called a phenol group or a phenolic $\text{OH}$.

The six-membered ring is an aromatic ring.

The group at the bottom of the molecule is a monosubstituted or secondary amide.

The general formula for an amide is ${\text{RCONR}}_{2}$. In this case, one of the $\text{R}$ groups on the $\text{N}$ atom is a hydrogen atom.