What happens to the kinetic energy of a bus as it is braking?

1 Answer
Jan 23, 2018

Answer:

Energy is always converted from one form to another.
The kinetic energy of a bus (or any other vehicle) is converted mainly into heat and sound by the break system.

Explanation:

#\Delta K=K_"initial"-K_"final"="Dissipated Energy"#

Example

A driver riding a #10^4"kg"# bus, at #80"km/h"#, steps on the brakes slowing the bus down to #60"km/h"#. Evaluate the energy dissipated.

#\Delta K=K_"initial"-K_"final"= (mv_"initial"^2) /2-(mv_"final"^2) /2=#

#m/2*(v_"initial"^2-v_"final"^2)=(10^4"kg")/2*[(80"km/h")^2-(60"km/h")^2]#.

Converting to SI units:

#\Delta K=(10^4"kg")/2*[(22.2"m/s")^2-(16.7"m/s")^2]=5\times10^3"kg"*214"m"^2"/s"^2=1070 \times 10^3 "kg m"^2"/s"^2 = 1070 "kJ" #