What hormones are involved in the male and female reproductive system?
Both male and female reproductive systems are under the control of gonadotropic hormones secreted from anterior pituitary. Gonads of both sexes secrete also secrete hormones.
There are two male gonadotropic hormones: ICSH and FSH.
ICSH: Interstitial cell stimulating hormone: stimulates interstitial cells of testes to secrete testosterone hormone.
FSH: Follicle stimulating hormone: helps in development of male germ cells within seminiferous tubules.
There are two female gonadotropic hormones: FSH and LH.
FSH: Follicle stimulating hormone: stimulates growth of ovarian follicle which contains maturing egg. This enhances secretory tissues surrounding the follicle which in turn releases increasing amount of oestrogen hormone.
LH: Luteinising hormone: once a threshold level of circulating oestrogen is achieved in blood, there is release of LH which in turn triggers bursting of ovarian follicle and ovulation. Ruptured ovarian follicle becomes endocrinal in nature and releases progesterone hormone.
Hormonal control of female reproductive system operates as a cycle.