What is a radioactive isotope? What are two scientific uses of radioactive isotopes?
A radioactive isotope is a form of an atom that has an unstable nucleus
An example of this is Carbon 14
This form of Carbon has an unstable nucleus. The nucleus has six protons
There are more neutrons that what are needed to stabilize the protons in the nucleus. One of the neutrons gives up an electron that was held inside the neutron emitting the electron as a beta particle.
The result is Carbon 14
Carbon 14 is used in dating recent fossils less than 50,000 years old fairly accurately.