What is a soluble carbonate?

1 Answer
Dec 6, 2016


All carbonates are insoluble except for those of the alkali metals...That's the general rule.


As a matter of fact, lithium carbonate is not terribly soluble in water, and is less soluble in water than #Na_2CO_3#, #K_2CO_3#; and interestingly, #Li_2CO_3# is LESS soluble in hot water. There is a good reason for this, and if you are an undergrad you will be able to give the reason.

Ammonium salts are generally soluble. However, ammonium carbonate might be be better proposed as #{NH_4}^+{HCO_3}^-# rather than #(NH_4)_2CO_3#.

Sometimes, tetraphenyl borate salts are used to precipitate ammonium ion, however, these salts are very expensive, and are not used in teaching laboratories.