# What is hybridization in organic chemistry?

Oct 5, 2016

hybridization is the combining of different types of orbitals

#### Explanation:

The hybridization of different types of orbitals allows the the atom to form more bonds and bonds that are more equal. This results in a more stable molecule.

Nov 16, 2016

Hybridization is the mixing of atomic orbitals to form new orbitals with different energies and shapes than the original orbitals.

#### Explanation:

Hybrid orbitals are mixtures of atomic orbitals in various proportions.

For example, the hybrid orbitals on the $\text{C}$ atom of methane consist of one-fourth $\text{s}$ character and three-fourths $\text{p}$ character.

We say they are ${\text{sp}}^{3}$ ("s-p-three") hybridized.

The four new hybridized orbitals have both $\text{s}$ and $\text{p}$ character.

The dumbbell shape reflects the $\text{p}$ character and (despite the picture) the big lobe is nearly spherical like an $\text{s}$ orbital.

The new orbitals all have the same energy but they point in different directions (towards the corners of a tetrahedron).

This leads to the most stable molecules when the $\text{C}$ atom forms bonds to four other atoms.