What is hybridization in organic chemistry?

2 Answers
Write your answer here...
Start with a one sentence answer
Then teach the underlying concepts
Don't copy without citing sources
preview
?

Answer

Write a one sentence answer...

Answer:

Explanation

Explain in detail...

Explanation:

I want someone to double check my answer

Describe your changes (optional) 200

18

This answer has been featured!

Featured answers represent the very best answers the Socratic community can create.

Learn more about featured answers

Nov 16, 2016

Answer:

Hybridization is the mixing of atomic orbitals to form new orbitals with different energies and shapes than the original orbitals.

Explanation:

Hybrid orbitals are mixtures of atomic orbitals in various proportions.

For example, the hybrid orbitals on the #"C"# atom of methane consist of one-fourth #"s"# character and three-fourths #"p"# character.

We say they are #"sp"^3# ("s-p-three") hybridized.

wps.prenhall.com

The four new hybridized orbitals have both #"s"# and #"p"# character.

The dumbbell shape reflects the #"p"# character and (despite the picture) the big lobe is nearly spherical like an #"s"# orbital.

The new orbitals all have the same energy but they point in different directions (towards the corners of a tetrahedron).

This leads to the most stable molecules when the #"C"# atom forms bonds to four other atoms.

Was this helpful? Let the contributor know!
1500
Write your answer here...
Start with a one sentence answer
Then teach the underlying concepts
Don't copy without citing sources
preview
?

Answer

Write a one sentence answer...

Answer:

Explanation

Explain in detail...

Explanation:

I want someone to double check my answer

Describe your changes (optional) 200

13
Oct 5, 2016

Answer:

hybridization is the combining of different types of orbitals

Explanation:

The hybridization of different types of orbitals allows the the atom to form more bonds and bonds that are more equal. This results in a more stable molecule.

Was this helpful? Let the contributor know!
1500
Impact of this question
6102 views around the world
You can reuse this answer
Creative Commons License