What is the Lewis structure of ozone (#O_3#)?

1 Answer
Mar 4, 2017

Answer:

The typical Lewis structure of ozone depicts formal charge separation.......

Explanation:

Simple VESPER requires that we distribute #3xx6=18# #"valence electrons"# across 3 centres:

#O=O^(+)-O^(-)#

From the left, #O_1#, has TWO lone pairs; #O_2# has ONE lone pairs; and #O_3# has THREE lone pairs. And thus the formal charge of each oxygen atom (#8e^-,7e^-,9e^-#) is #0,+1, -1# respectively.

Because there are THREE regions of electron density around the central oxygen atom, the #/_O-O-O=120^@# to a first approx., and #117^@# by actual measurement.

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