What is the molality of a solution of phosphoric acid, #H_3PO_4# that contains 24.5 g of phosphoric acid (molar mass 98.0 g) in 100 g of #H_2O#?

1 Answer
Jul 6, 2016

Answer:

The molality is 2.50 mol/kg.

Explanation:

The formula for molality #b# is

#color(blue)(|bar(ul(color(white)(a/a) b = "moles of solute"/"kilograms of solvent"color(white)(a/a)|)))" "#

#"Moles of H"_3"PO"_4 = 24.5 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("g H"_3"PO"_4))) × ("1 mol H"_3"PO"_4)/(98.0 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("g H"_3"PO"_4)))) = "0.250 mol H"_3"PO"_4#

#"Mass of solvent" = "100 g" = "0.100 kg"#

#b = "0.250 mol"/"0.100 kg" = "2.50 mol/kg"#