# What is the number of core and valence electrons for I?

Oct 12, 2015

$46$

#### Explanation:

Iodine, $\text{I}$, is located in period 5, group 17 of the periodic table, and has an atomic number equal to $53$.

That means that a neutral iodine atom will have a total of $53$ electrons surrounding its nucleus.

Now, out of these $53$ electrons, some are considered core electrons and some areconsidered valence electrons.

${n}_{\text{total" = n_"core" + n_"valence}}$

But how would you distinguish between the two types of electrons?

To do that, you need to look at the electron configuration of iodine, which looks like this

$\text{I: } 1 {s}^{2} 2 {s}^{2} 2 {p}^{6} 3 {s}^{2} 3 {p}^{6} 3 {d}^{10} 4 {s}^{2} 4 {p}^{6} 5 {s}^{2} 4 {d}^{10} 5 {p}^{5}$

You know that the valence electrons are defined as being the electrons located on the highest energy level of that atom, which is given by the principal quantum number, $n$, for main group elements.

Notice that, in iodine's case, the highest energy level is $n = 5$. You have two subshells occupied with electrons on this energy level, $5 {s}^{2}$ and $5 {p}^{5}$.

This means that iodine has a total of

underbrace(2e^(-))_(color(blue)("from 5s subshell")) + overbrace(5e^(-))^(color(red)("from 5p subshell")) = "7 valence " e^(-)

The rest of the electrons will thus be core electrons.

${n}_{\text{core" = n_"total" - n_"valence}}$

n_"core" = 53 - 7 = color(green)("46 core "e^(-))

Therefore, a neutral iodine atom has $46$ core electrons and $7$ valence electrons. Apr 29, 2017

Iodine has $7$ valence electrons and $46$ core electrons for a total of $53$, the atomic number.

#### Explanation:

Iodine is in the group 17 elements, known as halogens, and all of them have $7$ valence electrons.

A valence electron is capable of bonding with valence electrons of another atom to complete the octet of electrons each atom needs in its outer shell.

The core electrons are not available for bonding with other elements

When more than one atom bonds with others, a molecule is formed. The completed molecule will not have an electron charge associated with it.