What is the past tense and past participle for the word "break"? I mean, if you use the breaks on your car. Do you say "I breaked quickly."?
The two verbs are pronounced the same, but spelled differently.
Word break meaning "separate into pieces' is an irregular verb. Its Past Simple form is broke and Past Participle broken.
The verb brake meaning 'make the moving vehicle slow down' is regular, so its Past Simple and Past Participle are braked.
So the example you gave should be: I braked quickly.