What monomers are proteins made of? What is the structure of the monomer that makes up a protein?
proteins have amino acids as monomers
proteins are made up of 21 different L-amino acids. these amino acids are joined together with peptide bonds. peptide bond is a bond between a caboxylic group of one amino acid with amino group of other amino acid.
following is a figure to describe the structure of a single amino acid, where R -group is variable and can contribute for the amino acid to be neutral, acidic or basic. next figure gives an idea of how many various amino acids are there.
various amino acids
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