Which of the following salts (ionic compounds) will be substantially more soluble in an acidic solution than in pure water: Ag2CO3, AgClO4, PbI2, or Cd(OH)2?

1 Answer
Jan 2, 2016

Answer:

We assume the addition of nitric acid, #HNO_3# (because all nitrates are soluble).

Explanation:

Silver carbonate will be more soluble in nitric acid:

#Ag_2CO_3(s) + 2HNO_3(aq) rarr 2AgNO_3(aq) + H_2O + CO_2uarr#

Silver perchlorate is certainly soluble (and had hydrochloric been added, #AgCl# would precipitate):

#AgClO_4(aq) + HCl(aq) rarr AgCl(s)darr + HClO_4(aq)#

Plumbic iodide is pretty insoluble stuff, and addition of mineral acid would not bring it into solution, inasmuch as the anion #I^-# is not labile to acid hydrolysis as are #OH^-# or #CO_3^(2-)#.

Cadmium hydroxide would dissolve with nitric acid.

#Cd(OH)_2(s) + 2HNO_3(aq) rarr Cd(NO_3)_2(aq) + 2H_2O(l)#

Do I win five pounds?