Who founded the study of astronomy?
Primitive astronomy flourished almost in every parts of the world. The branch of astronomy that deals with the astronomical studies of ancient people is called archaeoastronomy. It was Gerald Hawkins who brought this subject to wider attention with the publication of his book titled Stonehenge Decoded in 1965.
Though there are various names one can quote, for an example, Hipparchus of Rhodes and Claudius Ptolemy. But to name one you can say, its Gerald Hawkins.