# Why is HCI(g) capable of being dissolved in water?

Dec 29, 2016

The polarity of HCl and the fact that it results in a strong acid both play a role in accounting for the solubility.

#### Explanation:

There are two factors that contribute to the solubility of HCl in water.

First, there is a considerable difference in electronegativity between the two elements, which causes the HCl molecule (like water itself) to be polar.

The dipole on the solute $H C l$ and the solvent ${H}_{2} O$ allow the two to interact strongly. This interaction is a crucial part of the mixing that produces the solution.

Secondly, HCl (aq) is a strong acid, which means it ionizes to a very high degree (essentially 100%) in the presence of water. The H atom is removed as a hydrogen ion, ${H}^{+}$, which is then bonded to the oxygen atom in the water molecule, resulting in a hydronium ion $H 3 {O}^{+}$. So, this existence of ions further aids in the solubility.