Will the limiting react always be the substance having the smallest mass?
Yes. It's called the limiting reactant because it gets used up first in a chemical reaction. This results in the smallest amount of reactant in a chemical equation.
Excess is the opposite, having the largest amount.
In a reaction where there is only one product or one reactant, limiting reactants and excess do not "exist".
Hope this helps :)
The limiting reagent will be that with the lower quantity of moles .
When we determine the limiting reagent, we first balance the chemical equation and convert all quantities of concern to moles. Then, we use stoichiometry to determine how much product could be produced by each reactant. That which gives the lower number of moles of product is determined to be the limiting reactant. You can also simply compare the amount of moles of each reactant available. That which is present in the lower number of moles is the limiting reactant.
We cannot use the mass of each reagent present to make this determination because different elements have different molar masses, given in grams per mole. For example, if you have
Here is an example of calculating the limiting reagent in the reaction of
Balanced chemical equation:
Convert mass quantities to moles.
You could also calculate the moles of