# What are the orbitals and the hybridization of the ["O"_2"NO"]^"- " ion?

Mar 27, 2014

I think you are asking about the hybridization and the orbitals involved in [O₁—O₂—N—O]⁻.

You first have to draw the Lewis structure. There are three possibilities (sorry, they are difficult to draw in this editor):

[::O=O⁺(:)-N⁻(::)- O⁻(:::)]

[:::O⁻-O⁺(:)=N(:)-O⁻(:::)]

[:::O⁻-O(::)-N(:)=O::]

The third structure is the most stable, but the actual structure is a resonance hybrid of them all.

All the atoms have a double bond in at least one of the contributors. That means they must be sp² hybridized with the left-over p orbitals participating in the π system.

O₁ and O₂ are each sp² hybridized. The O₁—O₂ σ bond involves overlap of sp² orbitals from O₁ and O₂.

O₂ and N are each sp² hybridized. The O₂—N σ bond involves overlap of sp² orbitals from O₂ and N.

The p orbitals from O₁, O₂, N, and O all overlap to form an extended π orbital system over the whole ion.