The valence shell electron repulsion theory relies on the fact that electron pairs are negatively charged and would therefore stay as far apart as possible in space whilst still being attracted to the positively charged nucleus. The double bonds in the
The shape of other molecules can also be determined using the VSEPR theory. All bonds and non-bonded electron pairs will stay as far apart as possible. Though non-bonded electron pairs are usually stronger at repelling other electron domains than bonds.
It may be clearer to visualize the structure as shown below by molymods.
Bylikin, Sergey, Gary Horner, Brian Murphy, and David Tarcy. Chemistry: Course Companion. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2014. Print.