Question #8167b

2 Answers
Oct 22, 2016

Who is the subject of a verb, whom is the object of a verb


'Who' is the subject of a verb
- The one doing the action

'Whom' is the object of a verb
- The one being acted upon

This link will explain in more detail the difference between the two. It also gives examples and ways to differ between the two

Jan 6, 2017

"Whom" is not always used when it should be.


Who and Whom are Relative Pronouns , and pronouns have cases -- different versions, depending on how they are used.

" Who " is the nominative case, used as a subject or a predicate noun:

Who is he?
Is she who we think she is?

(The verb "to be" is a linking verb and NEVER takes an object, always a predicate noun or predicate adjective.)

" Whom " is the objective case, used whenever you need an object in a sentence -- Direct Object, Indirect Object, Object of Preposition:

Whom did you give it to? ("whom" is I.O., "it" is D.O.)

To whom is he speaking? ("whom" is I.O.)

They are the people from whom I received the gift. ("whom" is object of preposition "from"), ("gift" is D.O.)

You gave the present to WHOM? (incredulous) ("present" is D.O.; "whom" is I.O.)

In a sentence with both a direct and an indirect object,
you may give something (D.O.) to someone/thing/a pet (I.O.), or you may do something (D.O.) for someone (I.O.).

A couple more examples of nominative case pronouns versus objective case pronouns:

I gave the book to him/her. ("I" is nominative case; "him/her" are objective case.)

She/He gave the book to me. ("She/He" are nominative case; "me" is objective case.)

" Who " is also an Interrogative pronoun -- used to ask questions and can be singular or plural:

Who is he?
Who are they?

Here is a partial pronoun chart from the site
that shows the different versions of the Personal Pronouns :

enter image source here

Here's an image from the Bogota Post that adds the Relative Pronouns "Who" and "Whom" in the last two columns:

enter image source here

Sorry if this is too long. Hope it's helpful.