Question #6cce5

1 Answer
May 25, 2017

Answer:

Here's what I got.

Explanation:

Start by writing down the balanced chemical equation that describes this neutralization reaction--keep in mind that sodium hydroxide is a strong base, so you can represent it as hydroxide anions in aqueous solution

#"CH"_ 3"COOH"_ ((aq)) + "OH"_ ((aq))^(-) -> "CH"_ 3"COO"_ ((aq))^(-) + "H"_ 2"O"_ ((l))#

The acid and the base react in a #1:1# mole ratio, which means that if you know the number of moles of hydroxide anions needed for a complete neutralization, you also know the number of moles of acetic acid present in the #"20-mL"# sample.

Use the molarity and the volume of the sodium hydroxide solution to determine the number of moles of hydroxide anions it contained

#15.6 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mL"))) * "0.100 moles OH"^(-)/(10^3color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mL")))) = "0.00156 moles OH"^(-)#

SIDE NOTE The problem provides you with the formality of the sodium hydroxide solution, but that is equivalent to its molarity in this context.

So, you know that the #"20-mL"# sample contained #0.00156# moles of acetic acid. To convert this to grams, use the compound's molar mass

#0.00156 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("moles CH"_ 3"COOH"))) * "60.05 g"/(1color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mole CH"_ 3"COOH")))) = "0.0937 g"#

Now, you know that this #"20-mL"# sample came from the #"250-mL"# sample, so use its known composition to determine the mass of acetic acid present in the #"250-mL"# sample

#250 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mL solution"))) * ("0.0937 g CH"_3"COOH")/(20 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mL solution")))) = "1.17 g CH"_3"COOH"#

The #"250-mL"# sample was made by diluting #"25 mL"# of the initial acetic acid solution by adding #"225 mL"# of water, which implies that the initial acetic acid solution contained #"1.17 g"# of solute.

Use the density of the initial solution to find its mass

#25 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mL solution"))) * "1.02 g"/(1color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mL solution")))) = "25.5 g"#

Since this solution contains #"1.17 g"# of acetic acid, you can say that its percent concentration by mass will be equal to

#"% m/m" = (1.17 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("g"))))/(25.5 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("g")))) * 100% = color(darkgreen)(ul(color(black)("4.6% CH"_3"COOH")))#

I'll leave the answer rounded to two sig figs, but keep in mind that only have one significant figure for the volume of the #"20-mL"# sample used in the titration.