# Question #91b34

May 25, 2017

Boiling points

#### Explanation:

Distillation is the process by which components of a (homogeneous) mixture are separated due to the differing temperatures at which the components become gaseous.

A most common example is the separation of sodium chloride from water (saltwater, in essence). Since the boiling point of $\text{NaCl}$ is much higher than that of $\text{H"_2"O}$, raising the temperature to one sufficient to vaporize the water away would leave the sodium chloride behind. The gaseous $\text{H"_2"O}$ would then most often be condensed and collected in a receiving flask, thus completely separating the two components.