Question #91b34

1 Answer
May 25, 2017

Boiling points


Distillation is the process by which components of a (homogeneous) mixture are separated due to the differing temperatures at which the components become gaseous.

A most common example is the separation of sodium chloride from water (saltwater, in essence). Since the boiling point of #"NaCl"# is much higher than that of #"H"_2"O"#, raising the temperature to one sufficient to vaporize the water away would leave the sodium chloride behind. The gaseous #"H"_2"O"# would then most often be condensed and collected in a receiving flask, thus completely separating the two components.