Question #f9471

1 Answer
Jun 18, 2017

Answer:

The mass of the original sample was 60.1 g.

Explanation:

Radioactive decay is a first order process.

Calculate the first-order rate constant

#t_½ = ln2/k#

#k = ln2/t_½ = ln2/"2.62 h" = 0.2645 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("h"^"-1"))) × (1 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("h"))))/"60 min" = 4.409 × 10^"-3"color(white)(l) "min"^"-1"#

Calculate the original mass

The integrated rate law for a first order reaction is

#color(blue)(bar(ul(|color(white)(a/a)ln("A"_0/"A"_t) = ktcolor(white)(a/a)|)))" "#

where

#"A"_0# and #"A"_t# are the amounts at time #t = 0# and at time #t# and

#k# is the rate constant

In your problem,

#"A"_t = "47.1 g"#

#k = 4.409 × 10^"-3"color(white)(l) "min"^"-1"#

#t = "55.2 min"#

#ln("A"_0/"A"_t) = 4.409 × 10^"-3" color(red)(cancel(color(black)("min"^"-1"))) × 55.2 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("min"))) = 0.2434#

#"A"_0/"A"_t = e^0.2434 = 1.276#

#"A"_0 = 1.276"A"_t = "1.276 × 47.1 g = 60.1 g"#

The original mass was 60.1 g.