A box with an initial speed of 3 m/s is moving up a ramp. The ramp has a kinetic friction coefficient of 2/5  and an incline of ( pi )/8 . How far along the ramp will the box go?

May 4, 2017

The distance is $= 0.61 m$

Explanation:

Taking the direction up and parallel to the plane as positive ↗^+

The coefficient of kinetic friction is ${\mu}_{k} = {F}_{r} / N$

Then the net force on the object is

$F = - {F}_{r} - W \sin \theta$

$= - {F}_{r} - m g \sin \theta$

$= - {\mu}_{k} N - m g \sin \theta$

$= m {\mu}_{k} g \cos \theta - m g \sin \theta$

According to Newton's Second Law

$F = m \cdot a$

Where $a$ is the acceleration

So

$m a = - {\mu}_{k} g \cos \theta - m g \sin \theta$

$a = - g \left({\mu}_{k} \cos \theta + \sin \theta\right)$

$a = - 9.8 \cdot \left(\frac{2}{5} \cos \left(\frac{\pi}{8}\right) + \sin \left(\frac{\pi}{8}\right)\right)$

$= - 7.37 m {s}^{-} 2$

We apply the equation of motion

${v}^{2} = {u}^{2} + 2 a s$

$u = 3 m {s}^{-} 1$

$v = 0$

$a = - 7.37 m {s}^{-} 2$

$s = \frac{{v}^{2} - {u}^{2}}{2 a}$

$= \frac{0 - 9}{- 2 \cdot 7.37}$

$= 0.61 m$