A straw is place into a rectangle box that is 4 inches by 5 inches by 9 inches. If the straw fits into the box diagonally from the bottom left corner to the top right back corner, how long is the straw?

1 Answer
Mar 12, 2017

Answer:

See the entire solution process below:

Explanation:

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First, we can use the Pythagorean Theorem to find the length of the #color(red)(red)# line labelled ["c" inches]. The Pythagorean Theorem states for a right triangle, which the sides of a rectangle and the diagonal form, #a^2 + b^2 = c^2# where #a# and #b# are legs of the triangle and #c# is the hypotenuse.

Substituting for #3# for #a# and #4# for #b# and solving for #c# gives:

#3^2 + 4^2 = c^2#

#9 + 16 = c^2#

#25 = c^2#

#sqrt(25) = sqrt(c^2)#

#5 =c#

#c = 5#

We can now solve for the length of the #color(green)(green)# line which is also the length of the straw. Again, we can use the Pythagorean Theorem substituting #5# for #a# and #9# for #b# and again solving for #c#:

#5^2 + 9^2 = c^2#

#25 + 81 = c^2#

#106 = c^2#

#sqrt(106) = sqrt(c^2)#

#10.296 = c#

#c = 10.296# rounded to the nearest thousandth.

The length of the straw is #sqrt(106)# inches or #10.296# inches rounded to the nearest thousandth.