A truck pulls boxes up an incline plane. The truck can exert a maximum force of #5,000 N#. If the plane's incline is #pi/3 # and the coefficient of friction is #2/3 #, what is the maximum mass that can be pulled up at one time?
1 Answer
Answer:
Explanation:
We're asked to find the maximum mass that the truck is able to pull up the ramp, given the truck's maximum force, the ramp's angle of inclination, and the coefficient of friction.
The forces acting on the boxes are

the gravitational acceleration (acting down the incline), equal to
#mgsintheta# 
the friction force
#f_k# (acting down the incline because it opposes motion) 
the truck's upward pulling force
In the situation where the mass
We thus have our net force equation
#sumF_x = overbrace(F_"truck")^"upward"  overbrace(f_k  mgsintheta)^"downward" = 0#
The expression for the frictional force
#ul(f_k = mu_kn#
And since the normal force
#sumF_x = F_"truck"  overbrace(mu_kcolor(green)(mgcostheta))^(f_k = mu_kcolor(green)(n))  mgsintheta = 0#
Or
#sumF_x = F_"truck"  mg(mu_kcostheta + sintheta) = 0#
Therefore,
#ul(F_"truck" = mg(mu_kcostheta + sintheta))color(white)(aaa)# (net upward force#=# net downward force)
And if we rearrange this equation to solve for the maximum mass
#color(red)(ulbar(stackrel(" ")(" "m = (F_"truck")/(g(mu_kcostheta + sintheta))" "))#
The problem gives us

#F_"truck" = 5000# #"N"# 
#mu_k = 2/3# 
#theta = pi/3# 
and
#g = 9.81# #"m/s"^2#
Plugging in these values:
#m = (5000color(white)(l)"N")/((9.81color(white)(l)"m/s"^2)(2/3cos[(pi)/3] + sin[(pi)/3])) = color(blue)(ulbar(stackrel(" ")(" "425color(white)(l)"kg"" "))#