Carbon has an atomic number of 6. How many protons and neutrons are in a nucleus of carbon-13?

1 Answer

Answer:

The isotope #""_6^13"C"# has 6 protons and 7 neutrons.

Explanation:

To be carbon the atom must have 6 protons.

Each proton has a mass of 1 u for a total of 6 u.

The nucleus of #""_6^13"C" # has a mass of 13 u.

Subtracting the 6 u from the mass of the protons leaves 7 u:

#"13 u - 6 u = 7 u"#

Each neutron has a mass of 1 u. The 7 u left are accounted for by 7 neutrons.