How can the atomic number be determined?

1 Answer
May 19, 2018

The number of protons present in the atom is knowns as atomic number. It can also be defined as the number of electrons present in a neutral atom. Each elements has it's own At. no. .
Mathematically, atomic number = no. of protons = no. of electrons
or, Atomic number = number of #p^+# or number of #e^-#
For example, in one hydrogen atom, number of #p^+ = 1#
#:.# atomic number = 1
In one carbon atom, number of #p^+ = 6#
#:.# Atomic number = 6

Hence we can conclude that the Number of protons or electrons present in the atom, determines the Atomic number .